Asthma Chronic Bronchitis and Treatment May Help Asthma

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Asthma Chronic Bronchitis and Treatment May Help Asthma

Post by Admin on Tue Aug 30, 2016 8:27 am

Asthma Chronic Bronchitis

According to research at Washington University in St. Louis, a two-drug treatment may some day help with restoring healthy breathing in people ill with asthma and chronic bronchitis.

The researchers think that further testing of the treatments would take not less than a few years, but they claim that the combination of two drugs finally is able to preclude the pernicious transformation of these cells. It would allow the airways to function properly. Using great confidence in ourselves, we endeavored to write such a long article on Asthma Chronic Bronchitis. Such is the amount of matter found on Asthma Chronic Bronchitis.

Scientists examined mice with a lung condition similar to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a disease classification which includes chronic bronchitis.

Dr Michael Holtzman and other researchers discovered that some lining cells from the lungs air passages are able to change into another cell type, which leads to the overproduction of mucus in the airways. It was observed in mice and patients suffering from those disorders. The sources used for the information for this article on Bronchitis are all dependable ones. This is so that there be no confusion in the authenticity of the article.



  • They noticed that the airway lining kept an excess of goblet cells (mucus-producing cells) because of a cup-like shape.
  • The number of goblet cells increased as a result of two cellular mechanisms.
  • One mechanism let the cells live longer because of the cilia, small hairs that help remove remains out of the lungs.
  • The other mechanism provoked those cells to change into goblet cells.
  • It was with great relief we ended writing on Bronchitis.
  • There was just too much information to write, that we were starting to lose hopes on it's completion!



Holtzman declared the discoveries are "pushing the rock a little further up the hill" when it comes to apprehension of airway diseases. He explained that at present doctors prescribe treatments that ease difficulties with breathing, but, unfortunately, those treatments don't influence on mucus production. We have also translated parts of this composition into French and Spanish to facilitate easier understanding of Bronchitis. In this way, more people will get to understand the composition.

The fluoroquinolones are a relatively new group of antibiotics. Fluoroquinolones were first introduced in 1986, but they are really modified quinolones, a class of antibiotics, whose accidental discovery occurred in the early 1960. Embarassed

Classification of Fluoroquinolones

As a group, the fluoroquinolones have excellent in vitro activity against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The newest fluoroquinolones have enhanced activity against gram-positive bacteria with only a minimal decrease in activity against gram-negative bacteria. Their expanded gram-positive activity is especially important because it includes significant activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Side Effects

The fluoroquinolones as a class are generally well tolerated. Most adverse effects are mild in severity, self-limited, and rarely result in treatment discontinuation. However, they can have serious adverse effects.

Conditions Treated With Fluoroquinolones: Indications and Uses

The newer fluoroquinolones have a wider clinical use and a broader spectrum of antibacterial activity including gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Some of the newer fluoroquinolones have an important role in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and intra-abdominal infections. The serum elimination half-influenza and the risk of viral pneumonia range from 3 -20 hours, allowing for once or twice daily dosing. Keeping to the point is very important when writing. So we have to stuck to Bronchitis, and have not wandered much from it to enhance understanding.

Fluoroquinolones disadvantages: Tendonitis or tendon rupture Multiple drug interactions Not used in children Newer quinolones produce additional toxicities to the heart that were not found with the older agents Embarassed

Fourth Generation

The fourth-generation fluoroquinolones add significant antimicrobial activity against anaerobes while maintaining the gram-positive and gram-negative activity of the third-generation drugs. They also retain activity against Pseudomonas species comparable to that of ciprofloxacin. The fourth-generation fluoroquinolones include trovafloxacin (Trovan). We have used a mixture of seriousness and jokes in this composition on Chronic Bronchitis. This is to liven the mood when reading about Chronic Bronchitis.

Urinary tract infections (norfloxacin, lomefloxacin, enoxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, trovafloxacin) Lower respiratory tract infections (lomefloxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, trovafloxacin) Skin and skin-structure infections (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, trovafloxacin) Urethral and cervical gonococcal infections (norfloxacin, enoxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin, trovafloxacin) Prostatitis (norfloxacin, ofloxacin, trovafloxacin) Acute sinusitis (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin (Avelox), trovafloxacin) Bronchial asthma in acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (levofloxacin, sparfloxacin (Zagam), gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, trovafloxacin) Community-acquired pneumonia (levofloxacin, sparfloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, trovafloxacin) It is always better to use simple English when writing descriptive articles, like this one on Bronchitis. It is the layman who may read such articles, and if he can't understand it, what is the point of writing it? Wink

Fluoroquinolones Advantages:

Ease of administration Daily or twice daily dosing Excellent oral absorption Excellent tissue penetration Prolonged half-lives Significant entry into phagocytic cells Efficacy Overall safety To err is human, to forgive is divine. So we would indeed deem you to be divine if you forgive us for any misunderstandings that may arise in this article on Chronic Bronchitis.


Eating Broccoli can Help Asthma Sufferers - and Cabbage and Brussel





Because of concern about hepatotoxicity, trovafloxacin therapy should be reserved for life- or limb-threatening infections requiring inpatient treatment (hospital or long-term care facility), and the drug should be taken for no longer than 14 days. Interesting is what we had aimed to make this article on Bronchitis. It is up to you to decide if we have succeeded in our mission!

First Generation

The first-generation agents include cinoxacin and nalidixic acid, which are the oldest and least often used quinolones. These drugs had poor systemic distribution and limited activity and were used primarily for gram-negative urinary tract infections. Cinoxacin and nalidixic acid require more frequent dosing than the newer quinolones, and they are more susceptible to the development of bacterial resistance. We have used clear and concise words in this article on Chronic Bronchitis to avoid any misunderstandings and confusions that can be caused due to difficult words.

Fluoroquinolones are Approved for Use Only in People Older Than 18

They can affect the growth of bones, teeth, and cartilage in a child or fetus. The FDA has assigned fluoroquinolones to pregnancy risk category C, indicating that these drugs have the potential to cause teratogenic or embryocidal effects. Giving fluoroquinolones during pregnancy is not recommended unless the benefits justify the potential risks to the fetus. These agents are also excreted in breast milk and should be avoided during breast-feeding if at all possible. Time and tide waits for no man. So once we got an idea for writing on Chronic Bronchitis, we decided not to waste time, but to get down to writing about it immediately!

The fluoroquinolones are a family of synthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial agents with bactericidal activity. The parent of the group is nalidixic acid, discovered in 1962 by Lescher and colleagues. The first fluoroquinolones were widely used because they were the only orally administered agents available for the treatment of serious infections caused by gram-negative organisms, including Pseudomonas species. As the information we produce in our writing on Chronic bronchitis meds be utilized by the reader for informative purposes, it is very important that the information we provide be true. We have indeed maintained this. Surprised.

Second-generation agents include ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, lomefloxacin, norfloxacin and ofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin is the most potent fluoroquinolone against P. aeruginosa. Ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin are the most widely used second-generation quinolones because of their availability in oral and intravenous formulations and their broad set of FDA-labeled indications. Quality is better than quantity. It is of no use writing numerous pages of nonsense for the reader. Instead, it is better to write a short, and informative article on specific subjects like Chronic Bronchitis. People tend to enjoy it more.

The newer fluoroquinolones have a wider clinical use and a broader spectrum of antibacterial activity including gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Some of the newer fluoroquinolones have an important role in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and intra-abdominal infections. Isn't it amazing how much information can be transferred through a single page? So much stands to gain, and to lose about Bronchitis through a single page. Very Happy.

All of the fluoroquinolones are effective in treating urinary tract infections caused by susceptible organisms. They are the first-line treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis in patients who cannot tolerate sulfonamides or TMP, who live in geographic areas with known resistance > 10% to 20% to TMP-SMX, or who have risk factors for such resistance. This article on Bronchitis was written with the intention of making it very memorable to its reader. Only then is an article considered to have reached it's objective.

Because of their expanded antimicrobial spectrum, third-generation fluoroquinolones are useful in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, acute sinusitis and acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, which are their primary FDA-labeled indications. The third-generation fluoroquinolones include levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin and sparfloxacin. It is rather inviting to go on writing on Chronic Bronchitis. however as there is a limitation to the number of words to be written, we have confined ourselves to this. However, do enjoy yourself reading it.

Third Generation

The third-generation fluoroquinolones are separated into a third class because of their expanded activity against gram-positive organisms, particularly penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, and atypical pathogens such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Although the third-generation agents retain broad gram-negative coverage, they are less active than ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas species. Writing is something that has to be done when one is in the mood to write. So when we got in the mood to write about Bronchitis, nothing could stop us from writing!

Gastrointestinal Effects

The most common adverse events experienced with fluoroquinolone administration are gastrointestinal (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain), which occur in 1 to 5% of patients. CNS effects. Headache, dizziness, and drowsiness have been reported with all fluoroquinolones. Insomnia was reported in 3-7% of patients with ofloxacin. Severe CNS effects, including seizures, have been reported in patients receiving trovafloxacin. Seizures may develop within 3 to 4 days of therapy but resolve with drug discontinuation. Although seizures are infrequent, fluoroquinolones should be avoided in patients with a history of convulsion, cerebral trauma, or anoxia. No seizures have been reported with levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, and gemifloxacin. With the older non-fluorinated quinolones neurotoxic symptoms such as dizziness occurred in about 50% of the patients. Phototoxicity. Exposure to ultraviolet A rays from direct or indirect sunlight should be avoided during treatment and several days (5 days with sparfloxacin) after the use of the drug. The degree of phototoxic potential of fluoroquinolones is as follows: lomefloxacin > sparfloxacin > ciprofloxacin > norfloxacin = ofloxacin = levofloxacin = gatifloxacin = moxifloxacin. Musculoskeletal effects. Concern about the development of musculoskeletal effects, evident in animal studies, has led to the contraindication of fluoroquinolones for routine use in children and in women who are pregnant or lactating. Tendon damage (tendinitis and tendon rupture). Although fluoroquinolone-related tendinitis generally resolves within one week of discontinuation of therapy, spontaneous ruptures have been reported as long as nine months after cessation of fluoroquinolone use. Potential risk factors for tendinopathy include age >50 years, male gender, and concomitant use of corticosteroids. Hepatoxicity. Trovafloxacin use has been associated with rare liver damage, which prompted the withdrawal of the oral preparations from the U.S. market. However, the IV preparation is still available for treatment of infections so serious that the benefits outweigh the risks. Cardiovascular effects. The newer quinolones have been found to produce additional toxicities to the heart that were not found with the older compounds. Evidence suggests that sparfloxacin and grepafloxacin may have the most cardiotoxic potential. Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia. Recently, rare cases of hypoglycemia have been reported with gatifloxacin and ciprofloxacin in patients also receiving oral diabetic medications, primarily sulfonylureas. Although hypoglycemia has been reported with other fluoroquinolones (levofloxacin and moxifloxacin), the effects have been mild. Hypersensitivity. Hypersensitivity reactions occur only occasionally during quinolone therapy and are generally mild to moderate in severity, and usually resolve after treatment is stopped. We have taken the privilege of proclaiming this article to be a very informative and interesting article on Chronic Bronchitis. We now give you the liberty to proclaim it too.

The greatest gift we have is our health, once gone it sometimes can't easily be regained; knowing that if there's anything we can do to improve our health, wouldn't it be wise to take all possibly precautions? Chronic bronchitis is most commonly found in smokers, and sometimes those who live in heavily polluted areas. It follows then, if we can reduce the chance of getting bronchitis by quitting smoking, or avoiding pollutants, this would be a smart step to ensure our health. Surprised.

Bronchitis is no respecter of person, and can occur in any one regardless of their gender or age. Certainly smokers are at higher risk, as are those with weak immune systems. Long term smokers will often develop chronic bronchitis and require continual or long-term bronchitis treatment. Those factors which contribute to bronchitis are as mentioned smoking, exposure to certain irritating agents (chemicals, pollutants, pesticides, etc.), and sometime a pre-disposed genetic condition.

You begin to feel the beginnings of a cough, get plenty of rest, drink at least eight to 10 glasses of water everyday, and consider visiting your doctor or health care professional. Couple this with a diet full of nutrition and you be taking important steps to avoid ever needing a bronchitis treatment to begin with. Bronchitis Treatment came into being some time back. However, would you believe that there are some people who still don't know what a Bronchitis Treatment is? Rolling Eyes

While certainly not a cure, an effective bronchitis treatments for acute bronchitis (the type you'd get from a cold or flu) is to drink plenty of fluids, get plenty of rest and give your body the opportunity to fight off the infection. While drinking fluids is (in most cases) a helpful and healthful suggestion, those who suffer from chronic bronchitis will need to consult with a doctor, since their bronchitis treatment will be much different. Severe Bronchitis are basically interesting parts of our day-to-day life. It is only that sometimes, we are not aware of this fact!



  • BRONCHITIS FACT: there are two major types of bronchitis, Acute Bronchitis and Chronic Bronchitis, each different in its symptoms and treatment.
  • Many suffer acute bronchitis when catching a bad cold, or flu, while chronic bronchitis often occurs in smokers.
  • It is of no use thinking that you know everything, when in reality, you don't know anything!
  • It is only because we knew so much about Bronchitis Treatment that we got down to writing about it!
  • Any time we're dealing with our health, it is never advisable to postpone consulting your doctor or health care professional.
  • Early diagnosis will allow bronchitis treatments to be much more effective, and increase your chances for recovery.
  • Developing a basis for this composition on Bronchitis Acute was a lengthy task.
  • It took lots of patience and hard work to develop.



One of the most effective bronchitis treatments is simply a healthy diet and regular exercise, while this may seem an oversimplification; you are helping your lungs to perform, clearing them of excess toxins and giving your body the fuel it needs to heal. Depending on your overall state of health, a brisk walk is an excellent low impact bronchitis treatment, and should be preformed often as the weather and your health allow. Very Happy.

Bronchitis treatments can be effective in the relief of symptom, however the old expression "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure", is certainly true, and we encourage taking the steps to avoid chronic bronchitis to begin with. These include quit smoking, avoiding secondhand smoke adams state college of heavily polluted areas. After reading what was written here, don't you get the impression that you had actually heard about these points sometime back. Think back and think deeply about Health Bronchitis.

BRONCHITIS FACT:

Approximately 12 million people are diagnosed with chronic bronchitis each year. One effective bronchitis treatment in addition to a healthy diet is large doses of vitamin A, shown to aid the healing of mucous membranes, and the immune system. Additionally, vitamin C can help boost your immunity, warding off other complications. Vitamin E is a known antioxidant and effective bronchitis treatment when used in conjunction with other vitamins. Failure is the stepping stone to success. So if you do fail to understand this article on Recovery Bronchitis, don't fret. Read it again a few times, and you are sure to finally get its meaning.

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